One reason some parts of the world are more prone to hurricanes than others is because it is built into the weather system. In places like Galveston in the United States, Texas or New Orleans in Louisiana, tropical storms are a significant proportion. The same is true of the east coast of the United States and elsewhere, from Florida to the Bahamas, Mexico and Puerto Rico.
In the Pacific and Indian Oceans, common targets are Bangladesh, the Philippines, Myanmar, Laos, Vietnam, Japan, and India. Some of the worst storms are coming soon.
But first, let’s talk about our weather conditions and conditions: We often talk about hurricanes and typhoons as if they were the same thing. Technically they are the same.
Meteorologists use the term “tropical cyclone” to describe any rotating system of clouds and thunderstorms that originates in tropical or subtropical waters and is a closed circuit at a low level. According to Saffir / Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale, hurricanes are classified as follows:
Category 1: Wind speed is 119 to 153 kilometers per hour (74 to 95 mph).
Category 2: wind speed 154-177 km / h (96-110 mph).
Category 3 (classified as “basic”): wind speed 178-208 km / h (111-129 mph).
Category 4 (basic) – Wind speed 209-251 km / h (130-165 mph)
Category 5 (basic): wind speed of 252 km / h or more (157 mph or more)
Here we will look at some of the worst and deadliest super storms in the 20th century.
Hurricane Galveston, Texas, 1900
The deadliest hurricane in American history occurred in the early 20th century. A Category 5 hurricane has Category 4 wind speeds of 130 to 156 mph. It hits the coast of Galveston, Texas (pictured) and then travels north across the Great Plains. The hurricane killed between 8,000 and 12,000 people.
San Felipe Okeechoby, 1928
The hurricane was the second largest hurricane in US history, killing more than 2,500 people. On September 10, 1928, a Category 4 storm hit Palm Beach. Puerto Rico was also severely hit by 144 mph winds.
Like Galveston, Bangladesh has been hit hard. In November 1970, it was the tracks of a tropical storm that exacerbated it to some extent.
After being hit by tropical cyclones and waves, the aerial view of the Patuahali coastal area is littered with dead cattle.
After the passage of Cyclone Bhola in 1970, the dead cattle were scattered along the coast. Hundreds of thousands dead or missing
Satellite images from the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) show a “strong cyclone” blowing at a speed of 137-145 km / h on November 11. In one day, the wind speed exceeded 220 km / h. Meteorologists can predict its arrival, but say there is no way to convey the danger to the cyclone. As a result, at least 300,000 people died. Some estimates put the death toll at 500,000.
In 1991, another violent storm hit Bangladesh. At that time, about 138 thousand people died.
Super Typhoon Nina
It’s not called “super” for nothing. Super Typhoon Nina has a short life, but strong emotions: the beginning of the season. At a top speed of 185 kilometers per hour, Nina crossed Taiwan and landed in Hualien, a coastal city in China. The typhoon caused the Banqiao and Xiwandan dams to collapse and caused unprecedented flooding and destruction downstream. Nina sheds 189.5 millimeters of rain every hour. The death toll is estimated to range between 171,000 and 229,000.
Cyclone Nargis is classified as one of the deadliest cyclones to hit Asia since the 1991 Bangladesh event. Nargis took in India, Thailand, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Laos, Bangladesh and others with its category 4 fury. Rough statistics suggest 140,000 people died, but the real number could be closer to 1 million.