The Great Wall of China is an ancient wall and fortification located in northern China, with a total length of more than 13,000 miles. The Great Wall of China, perhaps the most recognizable symbol of China with its long and vibrant history, was first invented by Emperor Qin Shihuang in the 3rd century BC. C. As a means of preventing the invasion of barbarian nomads, the most famous and best-preserved part of the Great Wall was built between the 14th and 17th centuries by the Ming dynasty. Although the Great Wall of China never effectively prevented invaders from invading China, it has become a powerful symbol of the enduring power of Chinese civilization. Between the 18th and 20th centuries, the Great Wall of China became the most common symbol of China in the Western world. It is both a material symbol (as a manifestation of China’s strength) and a psychological symbol that represents an obstacle to China’s abandonment of foreign influence. and foreign influence. They exercise control over their citizens.
Why Was The Great Wall Built?
Over the centuries, the construction and reconstruction of the Great Wall of China has been used for three main purposes: protecting the kingdom’s border, protecting China’s northern border, and tourism. Before the reunification of China in 221 BC, there were many belligerent countries. Fights often take place between countries to expand their territories. Therefore, in the 7th century BC. C., the princes and lords began to build high walls to prevent the entry of intruders. According to historical records, Qi was the first state to build such a wall in 656 BC. During the spring and autumn periods and the warring states, Duke Qi Huang (Duke Qi Hua) became King of Qi Qi (reigned 685-643 BC, mainly in present-day Shandong Province). He ordered the construction of a separation wall to prevent Chu from invading southern Qi. The walls of the city of Qi are built mainly with flat stones. Since then, the princes and lords of other countries began to build separation walls on their borders and to build watchtowers in the mountains to defend themselves against invasions, mainly during the Warring States period (475-221 BC).
How Was The Wall Built?
The wall is made primarily of earth and stone and stretches more than 3,000 miles west from Shanhaiguan Port in Shanghai, China, to Gansu Province. In some strategic areas, the separation wall was partially overlapped to ensure maximum security (including the extended Badaling belt north of Beijing, which was later rebuilt during the Ming dynasty). Did you know? When Emperor Qin Shihuang ordered the construction of the Great Wall of China around 221 BC., the workforce for the construction of the Great Wall was composed mainly of soldiers and criminals. Some 400,000 people are said to have died during the construction of the wall. Many of these workers are buried in the wall. The Great Wall of China rises 15 to 50 feet high and 15 to 30 feet high, with a wall 12 feet or more at the top. Watchtowers are found throughout the interval. The building materials of the Great Wall of China are mainly earth, stone, brick, lime and wood. The materials used depend on the local resources available. When the Great Wall of China was built on the mountain, stones from the mountain were used. For construction on the plain, earth, bricks and lime are used. When the Great Wall of China was built through the desert, even willow branches were used as sand.
Today, the Great Wall of China is considered one of the most impressive architectural achievements in human history. In 1987, UNESCO inscribed the Great Wall of China as a World Heritage Site, and in the 20th century it was said to be the only man-made structure visible from space.